Decubitus Ulcers & Pressure Sores
Pressure Sores Video

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What causes Pressure Sores?
  • Constant pressure against an area of the skin
  • Inadequate supply of blood to an area

What type of people are at risk?
  • Poor health or weakness
  • Paralysis
  • Bed rest or wheelchair use
  • Recover after surgery
  • Coma

Stages of Decubitus Ulcers

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Stage One:
  • Skin is red or discolored
  • Redness/discoloration does not fade within 30 minutes
    • What to do:
      • Keep pressure off
      • Maintain good hygiene
      • Evaluate your diet
      • Cover the sore
      • Consult your doctor

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Stage I Decubitus Ulcer



Stage Two:
  • Epidermis of the skin is broken
  • Drainage may be present
    • What to do:
      • Clean with saline solution
      • Apply a transparent dressing
      • Check for signs of wound healing
      • Consult your doctor

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Stage II Decubitus Ulcer

Stage Three:
  • Dermis and hypodermis are broken
    • What to do:
      • Follow all previous steps
      • Always consult your doctor

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Stage III Decubitus Ulcer

Stage Four:
  • Breakage extends into muscle and/or bone
  • Dead tissue and drainage are present
    • What to do:
      • Consult your doctor right away
      • Surgery is usually needed


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Stage IV Decubitus Ulcer


Prevention
  1. Determine the cause
  2. Shift weight every two hours
  3. Avoid friction
  4. If formed when sitting, patient should be on bedrest